A century ago, approximately from 1905 to 1914, the style of freedom and luxury, Art Nouveau, has made great changes in architecture of many European cities. The modern style has complex and original, sometimes fanciful but stylish typical characteristics. Architects have thoroughly considered the buildings’ appearance and their inner design.
As for Riga’s architecture – this style has got national tint and got the name National romanticism (Northern modern). It based on national roots and rethought the medieval architecture.
Being delighted by the view of nature and basing on the national medieval traditions, talented Latvian architects made Riga more beautiful and mysterious. Using the new structures, materials and building methods, they implemented their ideas into many original and distinguished buildings in Riga city. Massive foresides, towers, bay windows, bas-relieves and different shape and size window openings, the wide usage of ethnic ornaments and natural materials (stone, wood, metal) – these are the typical characteristics of Latvian Romanticism. At the same time architects payed attention to the objects’ functionality and tried to provide the usage simplicity and ergonomics.
Latvian National Romanticism reflected the prosperity of Latvian people and was a symbol of stable economic growth at the beginning of the XX century.
One of the most significant and salient representatives of National Romanticism in Latvia was Eizens Laube. He designed more than 200 architectural projects including many famous buildings in Riga. Owing to Laube’s creations, Riga has got its exciting look which is well-known for inhabitants and tourists.
The building on a crossroad of Akas and Gertrudes streets in Riga was created in 1909 in accordance with Eizen Laube’s project. The building constructed in National Romanticism style is known as Kempel House. Now it is an apparent adornment of the capital of Latvia.